Diabetes Information

Diabetes Information

Insulin


Insulin has two critical roles in the body that we cannot live without, yet it can be the root of many health problems, including diabetes. Insulin carries sugar (glucose), fat and protein into your cells where they are used for energy and the repair of your cells.

Humulin or Lantus, Which Insulin For Your Child?


Humulin or Lantus? When my daughter, who was 8, was first diagnosed the Children's Hospital that was treating her put her on an insulin program of short acting Humalog NPH and long acting Humalin N. You should have seen me that first day of training after a long night in the emergency room where she was diagnosed.

Diabetes Awareness: Ill Wait til it Hurts


By the time many type 2 diabetics (and often their doctors) realize action is necessary, the disease, with its destructive high blood sugars, has been silently damaging their body for years.Complications to the blood vessels and tissues of your eyes, feet, heart, kidneys, and other organs, are likely well underway.

Raising Happy Diabetic Kids


This is the first in a series of articles I am about to embark upon concerning this subject. As my family gets older and matures with this disease I think back to the early days and wonder why aren't we all on medication for depression? Why don't we have standing twice a week appointments with a psychiatrist? How did we end up so normal?(whatever that is) As I look back this didn't happen by accident, nor am I Super Dad, and I didn't plan it out step by step.

Improper pH Balance Increases Risk and Damage of Diabetes


THE RISKBlood sugar balance is critical to your body's proper functioning. Blood sugar (glucose) is the primary source of fuel for the body's cells and is particularly critical to the brain and the eyes.

Raising Happy Diabetic Kids Part II


This is the second article in a series I am writing about how to raise happy diabetic children. You can find the first article titled Help Your Child Develope Self-Confidence in our article archives.

Diabetes Awareness: The Downside... a New Wardrobe?


Here is some commonsense thinking:I can't understand why anyone who has diabetes wouldn't exerciseand watch what they eat.The down side is that you may have to get an entire new wardrobe since exercise and healthy eating causes weight and size reduction.

Pre-Diabetes - The Calm Before the Storm


Remember when the medical world identified pre-hypertension to better monitor your blood pressure? The new buzz: Pre-Diabetes concerns a similar condition pinpointing people who are at severe risk for getting diabetes. Because diabetes silently invades your body, early detection and corrective action are critically important.

Pre-Diabetes Awareness: Gamblers Understand the Odds


Do you gamble? Play Texas Hold'em poker, casino games, or lotteries? Then understanding your odds of winning is part of the challenge.Are you planning on living a long and healthy life? A life free of aches and pains? A life full of excitement and adventure? Great, then understanding the odds of developing diabetes will surely cause you to take immediate action.

Pre-Diabetes: Check Engine Warning Light


Your car has an early detection system and so does your body. Take 3 minutes to read this article and learn how you can save yourself a life time of aches, pains, and costly medical bills.

Treating Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy


The toes burn and tingle and sharp pains shoot into your legs. The bed sheets feel uncomfortable on the feet as you toss and turn, trying to get some rest.

Exercise & Diabetes


You are no doubt aware that exercise can help prevent the serious complications that often come with diabetes and heart disease. Research has repeatedly shown that regular physical activity helps reduce the likelihood of having a heart attack or a stroke, aids in weight loss, and improves mood.

Protein Principles for Diabetes


Dietary considerations can present a Hobson's choice in diabetes. Even when the intake is nutritious, assimilating it can be another matter.

Low-Carb: The Role of Insulin


There are three basic units the body uses for energy:1. Fats2.

Preparing Your Child and Family for Life With Diabetes


After the initial shock of diagnosis wears off and we become more comfortable with administering insulin shots, scheduling blood tests and mealtimes, and carbohydrate counting we have a chance to look to the future. At that point it really begins to sink in what a long-term commitment parenting a diabetic child really is.

More Articles from Diabetes Information:
2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7


MORE RESOURCES:

Diabetes: The History of a Public Health Crisis  Bowdoin News

Around thirty million Americans suffer from diabetes, more than seven million of them undiagnosed, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ...


Can A Drug That Delays The Onset Of Type 1 Diabetes Be A Success?  Forbes

Not to be confused with type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes in which your body does not use insulin properly, type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune ...


Cholesterol medication could invite diabetes, study suggests: Patient data shows association between statins and type 2 diabetes  Science Daily

A study of thousands of patients' health records found that those who were prescribed cholesterol-lowering statins had at least double the risk of developing type ...


Local News Scientists develop new way to predict who will get diabetes Ivanhoe Newswire 7:22  WTMJ-TV

According to the American Diabetes Association, about 1.25 million Americans have type 1 diabetes. Identifying patients who are at risk for the disease could ...


CREDENCE: Canagliflozin demonstrates CV, renal benefits in type 2 diabetes without CVD  Healio

SAN FRANCISCO — Among adults with type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease, the SGLT2 inhibitor canagliflozin reduced risk for a cardiovascular event or ...


Diabetes prevention message not getting through? What you can do  American Medical Association

Evidence clearly shows that diabetes prevention programs work. However, few at-risk adults are getting the required help, underscoring the need for efforts to ...


This Compound in Tomato Skins Could Ward Off Diabetes, According to Scientists  Good News Network

The research team is one the first to link the compound to improved insulin production – and they are now working on making it into a feasible treatment.


Quarter of U.S. patients with Type 1 diabetes ration insulin, study finds  The Philadelphia Inquirer

Internationally, 18 percent of people with Type 1 diabetes reported rationing their medication at least once in the past year.


How strength training may help people with diabetes  Medical News Today

Brazilian scientists conducted a study on mice and found that strength training can reduce liver fat and improve blood sugar levels in people with diabetes.


Researchers find protein that might prevent, reverse diabetes  Medical News Today

A recent study using human fat cells and a mouse model identifies a protein within fat cells that might help treat diabetes and perhaps prevent it.


Study: Alzheimer's disease not linked to type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure  Medical Xpress

If you want to reduce your risk of getting Alzheimer's disease, there is no end of advice on the internet telling you how to do it: keep your blood pressure and ...


The Diabetes Market in India to 2024 - Continuous Increase in Healthcare Expenditure Presents Lucrative Opportunities for Diabetes Drugs & Diagnostics  Yahoo Finance

DUBLIN, June 25, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- The "Indian Diabetes Market Report: Patients, Prevalence, Oral Antidiabetics, Insulin and Diagnostics" report has been ...


Nutrition Therapy for Adults With Diabetes or Prediabetes  Medscape

Hi. Today I'm going to discuss the new guidelines for nutrition therapy for adults with diabetes or prediabetes. Although I'm going to discuss the findings in this ...


Type 1 Diabetes Might Hurt Young Kids' Brain Growth  WebMD

The data suggest a need for even better blood sugar management in children with type 1 diabetes, but kids in the study were -- on average -- doing well in and ...


PIONEER 5: Oral Semaglutide for Diabetes With Moderate CKD  Medscape

Oral semaglutide, the investigational first oral GLP-1 receptor agonist, could expand currently suboptimal treatment options for patients with type 2 diabetes and ...


Features of a Rapid-Acting Insulin Option for Adult Patients With Diabetes  Pharmacy Times

This article is sponsored by Novo Nordisk. Please see the Prescribing Information for Fiasp®​ ​​​​​​(insulin aspart injection). Please see the Prescribing ...


FDA approves new treatment for pediatric patients with type 2 diabetes  FDA.gov

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Victoza (liraglutide) injection for treatment of pediatric patients 10 years or older with type 2 diabetes.


Global diabetes drug market expected to rise 3.6 percent  European Pharmaceutical Review

The global diabetes drugs market is projected to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.6 percent in the forecast period 2017 to 2025. The rise ...


Blood protein test may predict stroke risk for people with diabetes  UPI News

Every 40 seconds, someone in the United States has a stroke, and now a new method may be able to predict the risk and prevent the event, a new study says.


Early Onset Type 1 Diabetes May Affect Brain Development in Kids  Medscape

SAN FRANCISCO — Significant slowing of brain development, apparently linked to hyperglycemia, has been seen in children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at ...


A better way to encapsulate islet cells for diabetes treatment  MIT News

MIT researchers have come up with a novel way to prevent fibrosis, which can lead to rejection of implantable medical devices, by incorporating a crystallized ...


Abbott releases point-of-care diagnostic tool for diabetes  Healio

Abbott announced the release of its Afinion HbA1c Dx assay, a rapid point-of-care test that measures HbA1c and can be used for diabetes diagnosing, ...


Can your Facebook profile predict diabetes, depression, other health conditions? Researchers think so  The Seattle Times

Your Facebook profile can be quite revealing. It may even be able to predict some medical conditions, according to a new report. Researchers from Penn ...


Even as obesity rates climb, new diabetes cases fall  STAT

New federal data released found the number of new diabetes diagnoses fell to about 1.3 million in 2017, down from 1.7 million in 2009.


A growing epidemic: Type 2 diabetes on the rise in children  WRAL.com

Once upon a time, type 2 diabetes was called adult-onset diabetes because it almost exclusively affected adults. Back then, virtually all children with diabetes ...


Experimental drug, first of its kind, may delay Type 1 diabetes  ABC News

A new drug may delay the onset of insulin-dependent Type 1 diabetes in those who are at high risk for the autoimmune disease, according to the results of a trial ...


Endocrinologists must screen for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease as a complication of type 2 diabetes  Healio

Prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease — and its more severe stage, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, or NASH, in particular — is increasing in developed ...


Anxiety disorders increase hospital visits, costs in type 2 diabetes  Healio

Adults with type 2 diabetes who are diagnosed with an anxiety disorder visit the hospital emergency department more frequently and spend more on ...


Q&A: Marathon-Running Doc Boosts Organ Transplants, Targets Diabetes Cure  University of Virginia

University of Virginia Health System surgeon Dr. José Oberholzer has performed more than 1,000 transplant-related surgeries and, since becoming director of ...


Baking soda affects inflammation and insulin handling in type 2 diabetes  News-Medical.net

Early research suggests that the common pantry staple baking soda affects inflammation and insulin handling in type 2 diabetes. The findings will be presented ...


4 Best Milk Options for Diabetes  Greatist

Only you can prevent blood sugar spikes! Learn the best milk options for diabetes, milk meal planning tips, and how to read the nutrition label on milks.


Are you at risk of diabetes? What you need to know  13WHAM-TV

The next time you're at a public event, like a game, concert or movie, look at the person to your left, then look at the person on your right. Chances are, one of ...


More positive Ph III results for imeglimin in diabetes  The Pharma Letter

French drug developer Poxel (Euronext: POXEL) and Japan's Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma (TYO: 4506) have announced today positive top-line Phase III data ...


Study: Vitamin D Won't Help Prevent Type 2 Diabetes  WebMD

After nearly three years, 24.2% of those taking vitamin D developed diabetes, as did 26.7% of those taking the placebo. This difference isn't statistically ...


In milestone trial, experimental drug delays type 1 diabetes  Science Magazine

Marking the culmination of a 33-year odyssey, scientists today report a milestone in type 1 diabetes: the first time the disease has been markedly delayed in ...


Rotavirus Vaccine May Help Protect Against Type 1 Diabetes  The New York Times

Children who completed a full course of rotavirus vaccine were at lower risk of developing Type 1 diabetes.


AI could be the key to catching Type 1 diabetes much earlier  Engadget

Will AI lead to a quicker diagnosis of diabetes, a condition often called the silent killer? IBM researchers are hoping so. They recently announced an AI-powere...


Pen Needles Market to Witness Significant Growth Due to Rising Diabetes Prevalence & Increasing Obese Population Till 2025 | Million Insights  PRNewswire

FELTON, California, June 25, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- The global Pen Needles Market was valued at USD 1.5 billion in 2015, which is projected to grow at a ...


Low-carb diet may reduce diabetes risk independent of weight loss: Researchers report reversal of metabolic syndrome in some cases  Science Daily

A low-carb diet may have benefits for people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes even if they don't lose any weight, a new study suggests.


Type 1 diabetes may shrink pancreas, deteriorate exocrine function in children  Healio

Children with type 1 diabetes have smaller pancreases than children without the disease, and this may adversely affect exocrine function in this population, ...


Ohio man golfing in 50 states in 50 days to fight diabetes  Daily Globe

Pete Crozier was in Worthington this week to pursue his quest to golf on 50 courses over 50 days in 50 states to help the fight against diabetes. His father died of ...


Blood Test Predicts Stroke Risk in Patients with Diabetes  Newswise

A blood test in patients with diabetes reveals how levels of a protein associated with brain cell death could predict the risk of a future stroke.


Higher risk of stroke can follow midlife type 2 diabetes  Medical News Today

A study of twins in Sweden links a 30% higher risk in older age of brain artery blockage, which stroke often follows, to type 2 diabetes in middle age.


Midlife Diabetes Can Raise Your Stroke Chances Later  WebMD

People who had type 2 diabetes in their 40s or 50s had a 30% greater chance of a stroke caused by a blood clot, researchers said.


New Statement on 'Time in Range' Targets for CGM Use in Diabetes  Medscape

Guidelines address CGM goals for type 1 and type 2 diabetes, older/high-risk patients, and pregnant women with diabetes.


Rotavirus vaccines may lower kids' chances of getting type 1 diabetes  Science News

Vaccination against rotavirus is associated with a reduced incidence of type 1 diabetes in children, according to an analysis of U.S. insurance data.


Tight Diabetes Control May Not Help Heart Long Term  WebMD

The study findings suggest it might be more important to control other risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure, cholesterol and unhealthy ...


Late-Life Diabetes Status Tied to New Cognitive Impairment  Physician's Weekly

Jun 19, 2019 | HealthDay | 0 |. Late-Life Diabetes Status Tied to New Cognitive Impairment. WEDNESDAY, June 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Having diabetes ...


SGLT inhibitors present promising step for type 1 diabetes  Healio

Endocrine Today | SGLT inhibitors are a group of antihyperglycemic agents commonly used by patients with type 2 diabetes given their overall favorable ...


Experimental drug holds off type 1 diabetes  Science Magazine

Culminating a 33-year odyssey, scientists this week reported a milestone in type 1 diabetes: evidence that it can be held off. At the American Diabetes ...


Stricter BP thresholds may be needed in type 1 diabetes  medwireNews

A blood pressure target of 120/80 mmHg may be needed for effective prevention of coronary artery disease in people with type 1 diabetes.


9 Best Fruits for Someone with Diabetes  Greatist

Fruit is delicious, and you shouldn't avoid it if you have diabetes. Learn the best fruits to eat, the ones to avoid, the health benefits of fruit, and meal-planning tips.


New diabetes cases in U.S. decline as obesity rises, and doctors aren't sure why  CBS News

Health officials are not celebrating even though new diabetes cases seem to be on the decline.


The Future of My Diabetes Management is About to Change  knue.com

I was 14 years old about to enter my freshman year of high school in Lindale. It was the beginning of August and I was getting prepared for football two a days.


Point-of-Care Test Could Aid in Diagnosis of Diabetes  AJMC.com Managed Markets Network

Getting test results within the same office visit allows clinicians to start care for the condition right away, a former official with the American Diabetes Association ...


Understanding Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients with Diabetes  Pharmacy Times

According to the CDC, approximately 1 of 3 patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has CKD. What do we need to know about patients with DM and ...


Top News From ADA 2019: Slideshow  Medscape

Results from 10 major clinical trials on prevention and management of type 2 diabetes featured prominently at the American Diabetes Association (ADA) 2019 ...


Hypertension, low HDL amplify macrovascular risk in type 1 diabetes  Healio

Adults with type 1 diabetes who also have hypertension are more likely to develop retinopathy, nephropathy and macrovascular disease compared with those ...


Vitamin D supplements may not prevent type 2 diabetes  Medical News Today

A large-scale new trial of over 2000 adults found that taking vitamin D supplements does not help prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.


Diabetic amputations are again on the rise, raising red flags for health care access and equity  The Philadelphia Inquirer

Frank Houseal knew how dangerous diabetes can be. Both of his parents had it. His mother died at 52 of a heart attack. His father had a stroke at 47 and had ...


Type 2 diabetes: One major sign your blood sugar level is too low  Express

TYPE 2 diabetes occurs when poor insulin production fails to control blood glucose levels. In certain cases, a person's blood sugar level can dip below normal ...


RE: Diabetes Mellitus Will Always Be a Spectral Illness  CMAJ

Nevio Cimolai, physician, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. 23 June 2019.


How a diabetes drug may reduce anxiety symptoms  Medical News Today

New research in mice shows how metformin, a common drug used to treat diabetes and prediabetes, can also help reduce symptoms associated with anxiety.


Dexcom CEO teases a diabetes collaboration with Apple Watch  CNBC

Dexcom will launch a number of upgrades for its G6 diabetes system over the next year, including its direct-to-Apple Watch version, CEO Kevin Sayer said ...


Facebook posts better at predicting diabetes, mental health than demographic info  Science Daily

Analyzing language shows that identifying certain groups of words significantly improves upon predicting some medical conditions in patients.


Diabetes Outcomes Similar Regardless of Primary Provider  Diabetes In Control

No difference in outcomes seen with care by physician, nurse practitioner, physician assistant.


Cancer indicator may also predict diabetes risk  Healio

Adults with larger amounts of the epidermal growth factor receptor HER2/ErbB2 are at a higher risk for diabetes compared with those with lower measures, ...


Fatty fish without environmental pollutants protect against type 2 diabetes  Science Daily

If the fatty fish we eat were free of environmental pollutants, it would reduce our risk of developing type 2 diabetes. However, the pollutants in the fish have the ...


Delayed Onset of Type 2 Diabetes Through Early Lifestyle Interventions  Diabetes In Control

Thirty years of follow-up data show lifestyle modifications by patients with prediabetes can lead to delayed onset of type 2, reductions in mortality.


Type 2 diabetes symptoms: This change in your body could be an early warning sign  Express

TYPE 2 diabetes is a prevalent condition in the UK that is set to rise to five million by 2025. The symptoms can vary from person to person. Have you noticed this ...


Local diabetes advocate headed to Congress | News  Denton Record Chronicle

Lexi Quilty, 17, is headed to the nation's capital in less than a month as both a tourist and delegate.


Cardiologists Must 'Get Up To Speed' on Treating Diabetes  Medscape

Although cardiologists currently see more patients with diabetes than do endocrinologists, many cardiovascular specialists report being poorly equipped to ...


Group offers free, in-depth diabetes screenings around Las Cruces  Las Cruces Sun-News

In New Mexico, about one in 12 people test positive for diabetes, slightly higher than the national average. One group hopes to identify people at risk.


'Alarming' Complications in 20-Year-Olds With Type 2 Diabetes  Medscape

'I think we need to recognize that...in these younger kids we probably need even more aggressive management than many adults with type 2 diabetes,' says the ...


CARMELINA: Linagliptin Safe in Diabetes Across Age, Renal Groups  Medscape

Linagliptin demonstrated "reassuring" cardiovascular and renal safety in patients with type 2 diabetes, even among those who were older or had severe chronic ...


funded trial finds vitamin D does not prevent type 2 diabetes in people at high risk  National Institutes of Health

Taking a daily vitamin D supplement does not prevent type 2 diabetes in adults at high risk, according to results from a study funded by National Institute of ...


The global diabetic footwear market is projected to reach $9,904 million by 2025, registering a CAGR of 8.7% from 2018 to 2025  Yahoo Finance

NEW YORK , June 25, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Diabetic Footwear Market by Distribution Channel (Online Platform, Specialty Store, Footwear Store, and Others), ...


As price of insulin soars, Americans caravan to Canada for lifesaving medicine  The Washington Post

As their minivan rolled north, they felt their nerves kick in — but they kept on driving. At the wheel: Lija Greenseid, a rule-abiding Minnesota mom steering her ...


Struggling to find a fix for type 2 diabetes  UW Medicine Newsroom

Intervening aggressively to roll back the onset of type 2 diabetes does works in adults, but once the medication and treatment ends, the disease always returns, ...


Data review: Adults in upstate New York with diabetes better managing their disease  Buffalo News

Adults in upstate New York who have diabetes are better at managing their disease than they were just a few years ago, according to a review of self-reported ...


The wrong diabetes: how C peptide testing might help  The BMJ

BMJ 2019; 365 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l4352 (Published 25 June 2019) Cite this as: BMJ 2019;365:l4352. Article; Related *content*; Metrics; Responses ...


One-quarter of people with diabetes in the US ration their insulin  STAT

By contrast, just 6.5% of patients in other high-income countries and almost 11% of those living in low or middle-income countries rationed insulin.


Diabetes patients see gains with digital coaching, and some drop-off  STAT

On several metrics, Virta's results for patients with type 1 diabetes didn't look as good at the two-year mark as they had at the one-year point.


Combating Diabetes with Education and Lifestyle Changes | Life  Brunswick News

More than 30 million adults in the United States are living with type 2 diabetes, and a whopping 84 million more have prediabetes, according to the latest report ...


Study shows that strength and weight training can control diabetes in obese individuals  Medical Xpress

Research conducted at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in São Paulo State, Brazil, shows that vigorous physical exercise such as strength and weight ...


Type 2 diabetes: High-intensity exercise may restore heart function  Medical News Today

New research finds that high-intensity interval training helps to reduce heart complications in people living with type 2 diabetes.


Vitamin D and Diabetes: What We Learned From the D2d Trial  Medscape

The D2d trial showed that vitamin D supplementation does not prevent type 2 diabetes in those at risk. Drs Pittas and Shubrook discuss what else we can learn ...


AHA: Type 2 diabetes mellitus a risk factor for heart failure  Drug Topics

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for incident heart failure, according to a new scientific statement from the American Heart Association (AHA), and it ...


New AHA/HFSA Statement on Diabetes and Heart Failure  Medscape

The American Heart Association (AHA) and the Heart Failure Society of America (HFSA) have issued a new scientific statement on the management of comorbid ...


3 Simple Ways to Reduce Your Risk for Type 2 Diabetes  Cooking Light

Three new studies show that type 2 diabetes prevention doesn't have to be complicated!


Sanofi Cuts 466 Jobs, Limits Cardiovascular and Diabetes R&D  Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News

Sanofi will eliminate 466 jobs in France and Germany, as well as end new in-house cardiology research programs, in a restructuring of its global R&D.


Once-weekly dulaglutide shows promise in Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes  Healio

Chinese adults with early-stage type 2 diabetes assigned to the weekly GLP-1 receptor agonist dulaglutide achieved lower HbA1c levels with less frequent ...


Timing of resistance exercise influences glucose response in type 1 diabetes  Healio

A small cohort of healthy, active adults with type 1 diabetes experienced a greater rise in blood glucose and more frequent hyperglycemia when performing a ...


Women twice as likely to report neuropathic pain in type 2 diabetes  Healio

Women with type 2 diabetes were 2.4 times more likely to report neuropathic pain than men, regardless of vitamin D status, according to findings from a ...


Arizonans with diabetes get new tool to help them  AZ Big Media

Arizonans with diabetes will soon have a new resource to proactively address symptoms, including their increased risk of cardiovascular complications.


In DC, Diabetes Is Twice the National Average East of the River  NBC4 Washington

Statistics for type 2 diabetes in Washington, D.C., neighborhoods East of the Anacostia River (Wards 7 and 8) are quite alarming. D.C. Health suggests that 13.4 ...


In The Trenches With Diabetes Dad: Lisa Awards 2019, Powerhouses in Our Diabetes World and One Special Son  Diabetes Health

by diabetesdad. Ten years are a long time. I just cannot believe that ten years have gone by that our sweet Lisa left this world. But she went out with a voice ...


Babies born to obese mothers 'more likely to develop type 2 diabetes'  BBC News

Babies born to mothers who were obese during pregnancy are three times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes in later life, research suggests.


Gestational diabetes increases risk for fatty liver later in life  Healio

Specific liver enzymes may build up at an accelerated rate in the decade after pregnancy for women who had gestational diabetes, increasing their odds of ...


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